DIRECTIVE 2006/42/EC ANNEX I_EHSR


1.5. RISKS DUE TO OTHER HAZARDS
1.5.1. Electricity supply

Where machinery has an electricity supply, it must be designed, constructed and equipped in such a way that
all hazards of an electrical nature are or can be prevented.
The safety objectives set out in Directive 73/23/EEC shall apply to machinery. However, the obligations
concerning conformity assessment and the placing on the market and/or putting into service of machinery
with regard to electrical hazards are governed solely by this Directive.
1.5.2. Static electricity
Machinery must be designed and constructed to prevent or limit the build-up of potentially dangerous electrostatic
charges and/or be fitted with a discharging system.
1.5.3. Energy supply other than electricity
Where machinery is powered by source of energy other than electricity, it must be so designed, constructed
and equipped as to avoid all potential risks associated with such sources of energy.
1.5.4. Errors of fitting
Errors likely to be made when fitting or refitting certain parts which could be a source of risk must be made
impossible by the design and construction of such parts or, failing this, by information given on the parts
themselves and/or their housings. The same information must be given on moving parts and/or their housings
where the direction of movement needs to be known in order to avoid a risk.
Where necessary, the instructions must give further information on these risks.
Where a faulty connection can be the source of risk, incorrect connections must be made impossible by
design or, failing this, by information given on the elements to be connected and, where appropriate, on the
means of connection.
1.5.5. Extreme temperatures
Steps must be taken to eliminate any risk of injury arising from contact with or proximity to machinery parts
or materials at high or very low temperatures.
The necessary steps must also be taken to avoid or protect against the risk of hot or very cold material being
ejected.
1.5.6. Fire
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of fire or overheating posed
by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapours or other substances produced or used by the
machinery.
1.5.7. Explosion
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of explosion posed by the
machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapours or other substances produced or used by the machinery.
Machinery must comply, as far as the risk of explosion due to its use in a potentially explosive atmosphere is
concerned, with the provisions of the specific Community Directives.

1.5.8. Noise
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from the emission of airborne
noise are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of means of
reducing noise, in particular at source.
The level of noise emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar
machinery.
1.5.9. Vibrations
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from vibrations produced by
the machinery are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of
means of reducing vibration, in particular at source.
The level of vibration emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar
machinery.
1.5.10. Radiation
Undesirable radiation emissions from the machinery must be eliminated or be reduced to levels that do not
have adverse effects on persons.
Any functional ionising radiation emissions must be limited to the lowest level which is sufficient for the
proper functioning of the machinery during setting, operation and cleaning. Where a risk exists, the necessary
protective measures must be taken.
Any functional non-ionising radiation emissions during setting, operation and cleaning must be limited to
levels that do not have adverse effects on persons.
1.5.11. External radiation
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that external radiation does not interfere with its
operation.
1.5.12. Laser radiation
Where laser equipment is used, the following should be taken into account:
— laser equipment on machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent any accidental
radiation,
— laser equipment on machinery must be protected in such a way that effective radiation, radiation
produced by reflection or diffusion and secondary radiation do not damage health,
— optical equipment for the observation or adjustment of laser equipment on machinery must be such that
no health risk is created by laser radiation.
1.5.13. Emissions of hazardous materials and substances
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks of inhalation, ingestion, contact with
the skin, eyes and mucous membranes and penetration through the skin of hazardous materials and
substances which it produces can be avoided.
Where a hazard cannot be eliminated, the machinery must be so equipped that hazardous materials and
substances can be contained, evacuated, precipitated by water spraying, filtered or treated by another equally
effective method.
Where the process is not totally enclosed during normal operation of the machinery, the devices for containment
and/or evacuation must be situated in such a way as to have the maximum effect.
1.5.14. Risk of being trapped in a machine
Machinery must be designed, constructed or fitted with a means of preventing a person from being enclosed
within it or, if that is impossible, with a means of summoning help.

1.5.15. Risk of slipping, tripping or falling
Parts of the machinery where persons are liable to move about or stand must be designed and constructed in
such a way as to prevent persons slipping, tripping or falling on or off these parts.
Where appropriate, these parts must be fitted with handholds that are fixed relative to the user and that
enable them to maintain their stability.
1.5.16. Lightning
Machinery in need of protection against the effects of lightning while being used must be fitted with a system
for conducting the resultant electrical charge to earth.