COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION (EU) 2019/436 of 18 March 2019(摘錄自https://eur-lex.europa.eu/homepage.html)

on the harmonised standards for machinery drafted in support of Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on European standardisation, amending Council Directives 89/686/EEC and 93/15/EEC and Directives 94/9/EC, 94/25/EC, 95/16/EC, 97/23/EC, 98/34/EC, 2004/22/EC, 2007/23/EC, 2009/23/EC and 2009/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Decision 87/95/EEC and Decision No 1673/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (1), and in particular Article 10(6) thereof,

Having regard to Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (2), and in particular Article 7(3) and Article 10 thereof.

Whereas:

(1)

In accordance with Article 7 of Directive 2006/42/EC machinery manufactured in conformity with a harmonised standard, the references to which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, is to be presumed to comply with the essential health and safety requirements covered by such a harmonised standard.

(2)

There are three types of harmonised standards conferring a presumption of conformity with Directive 2006/42/EC.

(3)

A-type standards specify basic concepts, terminology and design principles applicable to all categories of machinery. Application of such standards alone, although providing an essential framework for the correct application of the Directive 2006/42/EC, is not sufficient to ensure conformity with the relevant essential health and safety requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC and therefore does not give a full presumption of conformity.例如ISO 12100

(4)

B-type standards deal with specific aspects of machinery safety or specific types of safeguard that can be used across a wide range of categories of machinery. Application of the specifications of B-type standards confers a presumption of conformity with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC that they cover when a C-type standard or the manufacturer's risk assessment shows that a technical solution specified by the B-type standard is adequate for the particular category or model of machinery concerned. Application of B-type standards that give specifications for safety components that are independently placed on the market confers a presumption of conformity for the safety components concerned and for the essential health and safety requirements covered by the standards.例如EN ISO 14118:2018 Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

(5)

C-type standards provide specifications for a given category of machinery. The different types of machinery belonging to the category covered by a C-type standard have a similar intended use and present similar hazards. C-type standards may refer to A-type or B-type standards, indicating which of the specifications of the A-type or B-type standard are applicable to the category of machinery concerned. When, for a given aspect of machinery safety, a C-type standard deviates from the specifications of an A or B-type standard, the specifications of the C-type standard take precedence over the specifications of the A-type or B-type standard. Application of the specifications of a C-type standard on the basis of the manufacturers' risk assessment confers a presumption of conformity with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC covered by the standard. Certain C-type standards are organised as a series of several parts, Part 1 of the standard giving general specifications applicable to a family of machinery and other parts of the standard giving specifications for specific categories of machinery belonging to the family, supplementing or modifying the general specifications of Part 1. For C-type standards organised in this way, the presumption of conformity with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC is conferred by application of the general Part 1 of the standard together with the relevant specific part of the standard.
例如EN 60335-1:2012
Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60335-1:2010 Modified)

(6)

By letter M/396 of 19 December 2006, the Commission made a request to CEN and Cenelec for the drafting, the revision and the completion of the work on harmonised standards in support of Directive 2006/42/EC to take account of changes introduced by that Directive in comparison with Directive 98/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (3).

(7)

On the basis of the request M/396 of 19 December 2006 CEN and Cenelec drafted new harmonised standards and revised and amended the existing harmonised standards. Harmonised standard EN 15895:2011+A1:2018 covers portable cartridge-operated fixing and other impact machinery introduced into the scope of Directive 2006/42/EC. Standards EN 50569:2013/A1:2018; EN 50570:2013/A1:2018; EN 50571:2013/A1:2018; EN 50636-2-107:2015/A1:2018; EN 60335-1:2012/A13:2017; EN 60335-2-58:2005; EN 60335-2-58:2005/A12:2016; EN 60335-2-58:2005/A2:2015 and their amendments take account of the redefined borderline between Directive 2006/42/EC and Directive 2014/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council (4) and the fact that some household and similar electrical appliances subject to the Directive 2014/35/EU become subject to the Directive 2006/42/EC. Standard EN 16719:2018 takes account of the fact that Directive 2006/42/EC amends Directive 95/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (5) with the effect that lifting appliances with a speed no greater than 0,15 m/s are subject to the Directive 2006/42/EC. Standards EN ISO 14118:2018; EN 474-1:2006+A5:2018; EN 1853:2017; EN 1870-6:2017; EN ISO 4254-5:2018; EN ISO 4254-7:2017; EN ISO 4254-8:2018; EN ISO 5395-1:2013/A1:2018; EN ISO 5395-3:2013/A2:2018; EN 12013:2018; EN 12999:2011+A2:2018; EN 13001-3-1:2012+A2:2018; EN 13001-3-6:2018; EN 13135:2013+A1:2018; EN 13684:2018; EN ISO 13766-2:2018; EN 15194:2017; EN 15895:2011+A1:2018 EN ISO 16092-1:2018; EN ISO 16092-3:2018; EN 16952:2018; EN 16719:2018; EN 17059:2018; EN ISO 19085-4:2018; EN ISO 19085-6:2017; EN ISO 19085-8:2018; EN ISO 19225:2017; EN ISO 28927-2:2009/A1:2017; EN 50569:2013/A1:2018; EN 50570:2013/A1:2018; EN 50571:2013/A1:2018; EN 50636-2-107:2015/A1:2018; EN 60335-1:2012/A13:2017; EN 62841-2-1:2018; EN 62841-2-17:2017; EN 62841-3-1:2014/A11:2017; EN 60335-2-58:2005; EN 60335-2-58:2005/A2:2015; EN 60335-2-58:2005/A12:2016; EN 62841-2-1:2018; EN 62841-2-17:2017; EN 62841-3-1:2014/A11:2017; EN 62841-3-4:2016; EN 62841-3-4:2016/A11:2017; EN 62841-3-6:2014/A11:2017; EN 62841-3-9:2015/A11:2017; EN 62841-3-10:2015/A11:2017; EN 62841-3-14:2017 and their amendments ensure that the harmonised standards intended to support Directive 2006/42/EC fully satisfy the relevant essential health and safety requirements of that Directive.

(8)

The Commission together with CEN and Cenelec has assessed whether the standards drafted, revised and amended by CEN and Cenelec comply with the request M/396 of 19 December 2006.

(9)

The standards drafted, revised and amended by CEN and Cenelec on the basis of request M/396 of 19 December 2006 satisfy the requirements which they aim to cover and which are set out in Directive 2006/42/EC. It is therefore appropriate to publish the references of those standards in the Official Journal of the European Union.

(10)

Under Article 10 of Directive 2006/42/EC the Commission sought opinion of the committee set up by Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 on whether a harmonised standard EN 474-1:2006+A4:2013 satisfies the essential health and safety requirements which it covers and which are set out in Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC. In the light of the committee's opinion, the reference of standard EN 474-1:2006+A4:2013 was published in the Official Journal of the European Union with a restriction by Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/27 (6). CEN improved the standard in the version EN 474-1:2006+A5:2018. However, the new version does not address one type of earthmoving machinery, i.e. hydraulic excavators. Standard EN 474-1:2006+A5:2018 therefore does not fully meet the essential health and safety requirements set out in points 1.2.2 and 3.2.1 of Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC. It should therefore be published in the Official Journal of the European Union with a restriction.

(11)

Under Article 10 of Directive 2006/42/EC the Commission sought opinion of the committee set up by Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 on whether a harmonised standard EN 13241-1:2003+A1:2011 satisfies the essential health and safety requirements which it covers and which are set out in Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC. In the light of the committee's opinion, the reference of standard EN 13241-1:2003+A1:2011 was published in the Official Journal of the European Union with a restriction by Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/1301 (7). CEN has improved the standard in the version EN 13241:2003+A2:2016. However, the new version does not address the issues that led to a publication with a restriction of the previous version of the standard. The current version of that standard, EN 13241:2003+A2:2016, therefore does not fully meet the essential health and safety requirements set out in points 1.3.7 and 1.4.3 of Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC. It should therefore be published in the Official Journal of the European Union with a restriction.

(12)

As the result of the work by CEN and Cenelec on the basis of request M/396 of 19 December 2006 several harmonised standards published in the Official Journal of the European Union (8) have been replaced, revised or amended.

(13)

It is therefore necessary to withdraw the references of those standards from the Official Journal of the European Union. In order to give manufacturers sufficient time to prepare for application of the new standards, revised standards and amendments to standards, it is necessary to defer the withdrawal of the references of harmonised standards.

(14)

Harmonised standards EN 786:1996+A2:2009; EN 61496-1:2013; EN ISO 11200:2014 and EN ISO 12100:2010 should be withdrawn as they no longer satisfy the requirements which they aim to cover and which are set out in Directive 2006/42/EC.

(15)

Compliance with a harmonised standard confers a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements set out in Union harmonisation legislation from the date of publication of the reference of such standard in the Official Journal of the European Union. This Decision should therefore enter into force on the day of its publication,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The references of harmonised standards for machinery drafted in support of Directive 2006/42/EC listed in Annex I to this Decision are hereby published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

The references of harmonised standards drafted in support of Directive 2006/42/EC listed in Annex II to this Decision are hereby published in the Official Journal of the European Union with a restriction.

Article 2

The references of harmonised standards for machinery drafted in support of Directive 2006/42/EC listed in Annex III to this Decision are hereby withdrawn from the Official Journal of the European Union as from the dates set out in that Annex.

Article 3

This Decision shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, 18 March 2019.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 316, 14.11.2012, p. 12.

(2)  OJ L 157, 9.6.2006, p. 24.

(3)  Directive 98/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to machinery (OJ L 207, 23.7.1998, p. 1).

(4)  Directive 2014/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (OJ L 96, 29.3.2014, p. 357).

(5)  Directive 95/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 June 1995 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to lifts (OJ L 213, 7.9.1995, p. 1).

(6)  Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/27 of 7 January 2015 on the publication with a restriction in the Official Journal of the European Union of the reference of standard EN 474-1:2006+A4:2013 on Earth-moving machinery under Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 4, 8.1.2015, p. 24).

(7)  Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/1301 of 20 July 2015 on the publication with a restriction in the Official Journal of the European Union of the reference of standard EN 13241-1:2003+A1:2011 on industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates under Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 199, 29.7.2015, p. 40).

(8)  OJ C 92, 9.3.2018, p. 1.


ANNEX I

No

Reference of the standard

Type

1.

EN ISO 14118:2018

Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

B

2.

EN 1853:2017

Agricultural machinery — Trailers – Safety

C

3.

EN 1870-6:2017

Safety of woodworking machines — Circular sawing machines — Part 6: Circular sawing machines for fire wood

C

4.

EN ISO 4254-5:2018

Agricultural machinery — Safety — Part 5: Power-driven soil-working machines (ISO 4254-5:2018)

C

5.

EN ISO 4254-7:2017

Agricultural machinery — Safety — Part 7: Combine harvesters, forage harvesters, cotton harvesters and sugar cane harversters (ISO 4254-7:2017)

C

6.

EN ISO 4254-8:2018

Agricultural machinery — Safety — Part 8: Solid fertilizer distributors (ISO 4254-8:2018)

C

7.

EN ISO 5395-1:2013

Garden equipment — Safety requirements for combustion-engine-powered lawnmowers — Part 1: Terminology and common tests (ISO 5395-1:2013)

EN ISO 5395-1:2013/A1:2018

C

8.

EN ISO 5395-3:2013

Garden equipment — Safety requirements for combustion-engine-powered lawnmowers — Part 3: Ride-on lawnmowers with seated operator (ISO 5395-3:2013)

EN ISO 5395-3:2013/A1:2017

EN ISO 5395-3:2013/A2:2018

C

9.

EN 12013:2018

Plastics and rubber machines — Internal mixers — Safety requirements

C

10.

EN 12999:2011+A2:2018

Cranes — Loader cranes

C

11.

EN 13001-3-1:2012+A2:2018

Cranes — General Design — Part 3-1: Limit States and proof competence of steel structure

C

12.

EN 13001-3-6:2018

Cranes — General design — Part 3-6: Limit states and proof of competence of machinery — Hydraulic cylinders

C

13.

EN 13135:2013+A1:2018

Cranes — Safety — Design — Requirements for equipment

C

14.

EN 13684:2018

Garden equipment — Pedestrian controlled lawn aerators and scarifiers – Safety

C

15.

EN ISO 13766-2:2018

Earth-moving and building construction machinery — Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of machines with internal electrical power supply — Part 2: Additional EMC requirements for functional safety (ISO 13766-2:2018)

C

16.

EN 15194:2017

Cycles — Electrically power assisted cycles — EPAC Bicycles

C

17.

EN 15895:2011+A1:2018

Cartridge operated hand-held tools — Safety requirements — Fixing and hard marking tools

C

18.

EN ISO 16092-1:2018

Machine tools safety — Presses — Part 1: General safety requirements (ISO 16092-1:2017)

C

19.

EN ISO 16092-3:2018

Machine tools safety — Presses — Part 3: Safety requirements for hydraulic presses (ISO 16092-3:2017)

C

20.

EN 16719:2018

Transport platforms

C

21.

EN 16952:2018

Agricultural machinery — Rough-terrain Work Platforms for Orchard's operations (WPO) – Safety

C

22.

EN 17059:2018

Plating and anodizing lines — Safety requirements

C

23.

EN ISO 19085-4:2018

Woodworking machines — Safety — Part 4: Vertical panel circular sawing machines (ISO 19085-4:2018)

C

24.

EN ISO 19085-6:2017

Woodworking machines — Safety — Part 6: Single spindle vertical moulding machines (‘toupies’) (ISO 19085-6:2017)

C

25.

EN ISO 19085-8:2018

Woodworking machines — Safety — Part 8: Belt sanding and calibrating machines for straight workpieces (ISO 19085-8:2017)

C

26.

EN ISO 19225:2017

Underground mining machines — Mobile extracting machines at the face — Safety requirements for shearer loaders and plough systems (ISO 19225:2017)

C

27.

EN ISO 28927-2:2009

Hand-held portable power tools — Test methods for evaluation of vibration emission — Part 2: Wrenches, nutrunners and screwdrivers (ISO 28927-2:2009)

EN ISO 28927-2:2009/A1:2017

C

28.

EN ISO/IEC 80079-38:2016

Explosive atmospheres — Part 38: Equipment and components in explosive atmospheres in underground mines (ISO/IEC 80079-38:2016)

EN ISO/IEC 80079-38:2016/A1:2018

C

29.

EN 50569:2013

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Particular requirements for commercial electric spin extractors

EN 50569:2013/A1:2018

C

30.

EN 50570:2013

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Particular requirements for commercial electric tumble dryers

EN 50570:2013/A1:2018

C

31.

EN 50571:2013

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Particular requirements for commercial electric washing machines

EN 50571:2013/A1:2018

C

32.

EN 50636-2-107:2015

Safety of household and similar appliances — Part 2-107: Particular requirements for robotic battery powered electrical lawnmowers (IEC 60335-2-107:2012 Modified)

EN 50636-2-107:2015/A1:2018

C

33.

EN 60335-1:2012

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60335-1:2010 Modified)

EN 60335-1:2012/A11:2014

EN 60335-1:2012/A13:2017

C

34.

EN 60335-2-58:2005

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-58: Particular requirements for commercial electric dishwashing machines (IEC 60335-2-58:2002 Modified)

EN 60335-2-58:2005/A2:2015

EN 60335-2-58:2005/A12:2016

C

35.

EN 62841-2-1:2018

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 2-1: Particular requirements for hand-held drills and impact drills (IEC 62841-2-1:2017 Modified)

C

36.

EN 62841-2-17:2017

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 2-17: Particular requirements for hand-held routers (IEC 62841-2-17:2017 Modified)

C

37.

EN 62841-3-1:2014

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-1: Particular requirements for transportable table saws (IEC 62841-3-1:2014, modified)

EN 62841-3-1:2014/A11:2017

C

38.

EN 62841-3-4:2016

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-4: Particular requirements for transportable bench grinders (IEC 62841-3-4:2016 Modified)

EN 62841-3-4:2016/A11:2017

C

39.

EN 62841-3-6:2014

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-6: Particular requirements for transportable diamond drills with liquid system (IEC 62841-3-6:2014, modified)

EN 62841-3-6:2014/A11:2017

C

40.

EN 62841-3-9:2015

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-9: Particular requirements for transportable mitre saws (IEC 62841-3-9:2014 Modified)

EN 62841-3-9:2015/A11:2017

C

41.

EN 62841-3-10:2015

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-10: Particular requirements for transportable cut-off machines (IEC 62841-3-10:2015 Modified)

EN 62841-3-10:2015/A11:2017

C

42.

EN 62841-3-14:2017

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-14: Particular requirements for transportable drain cleaners (IEC 62841-3-14:2017 Modified)

C


ANNEX II

No

Reference of the standard

Type

1.

EN 474-1:2006+A5:2018

Earth-moving machinery — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

Notice: This publication does not concern clause 5.8.1 Visibility — Operator's field of view of this standard, but only in relation with EN 474-5:2006+A3:2013 requirements for hydraulic excavators, the application of which does not confer a presumption of conformity to the essential health and safety requirements 1.2.2 and 3.2.1 of Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC.

C

2.

EN 13241:2003+A2:2016

Industrial, commercial, garage doors and gates — Product standard, performance characteristics

Notice: With regard to paragraphs 4.2.2, 4.2.6, 4.3.2, 4.3.3, 4.3.4, 4.3.6, this publication does not concern the reference to EN 12453:2000, the application of which does not confer a presumption of conformity to the essential health and safety requirements 1.3.7 and 1.4.3 of Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC.

C


ANNEX III

No

Reference of the standard

Date of withdrawal

Type

1.

EN 1037:1995+A1:2008

Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up

19.3.2019

B

2.

EN 474-1:2006+A4:2013

Earth-moving machinery — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

Notice: This publication does not concern clause 5.8.1 Visibility — Operator's field of view of this standard, the application of which does not confer a presumption of conformity to the essential health and safety requirements 1.2.2 and 3.2.1 of Annex I to Directive 2006/42/EC.

19.3.2019

C

3.

EN 1853:1999+A1:2009

Agricultural machinery — Trailers with tipping body – Safety

19.3.2019

C

4.

EN 1870-6:2002+A1:2009

Safety of woodworking machines — Circular sawing machines — Part 6: Circular sawing machines for firewood and dual purpose circular sawing machines for firewood/circular saw benches, with manual loading and/or unloading

19.3.2019

C

5.

EN ISO 4254-5:2009

Agricultural machinery — Safety — Part 5: Power-driven soil-working machines (ISO 4254-5:2008)

19.3.2019

C

6.

EN ISO 4254-7:2009

Agricultural machinery — Safety — Part 7: Combine harvesters, forage harvesters and cotton harvesters (ISO 4254-7:2008)

19.3.2019

C

7.

EN 14017:2005+A2:2009

Agricultural and forestry machinery — Solid fertilizer distributors – Safety

19.3.2019

C

8.

EN ISO 5395-1:2013

Garden equipment — Safety requirements for combustion-engine-powered lawnmowers — Part 1: Terminology and common tests (ISO 5395-1:2013)

19.3.2019

C

9.

EN ISO 5395-3:2013

Garden equipment — Safety requirements for combustion-engine-powered lawnmowers — Part 3: Ride-on lawnmowers with seated operator (ISO 5395-3:2013)

EN ISO 5395-3:2013/A1:2017

19.3.2019

C

10.

EN 12013:2000+A1:2008

Plastics and rubber machines — Internal mixers — Safety requirements

19.3.2019

C

11.

EN 12999:2011+A1:2012

Cranes — Loader cranes

19.3.2019

C

12.

EN 13001-3-1:2012+A1:2013

Cranes — General Design — Part 3-1: Limit States and proof competence of steel structure

19.3.2019

C

13.

EN 13135:2013

Cranes — Safety — Design — Requirements for equipment

19.3.2019

C

14.

EN 13684:2004+A3:2009

Garden equipment — Pedestrian controlled lawn aerators and scarifiers – Safety

19.3.2019

C

15.

EN 15895:2011

Cartridge operated hand-held tools — Safety requirements — Fixing and hard marking tools

19.3.2019

C

16.

EN 692:2005+A1:2009

Machine tools — Mechanical presses — Safety

19.3.2019

C

17.

EN 693:2001+A2:2011

Machine tools — Safety — Hydraulic presse

19.3.2019

C

18.

EN 13736:2003+A1:2009

Safety of machine tools — Pneumatic presses

19.3.2019

C

19.

EN 848-1:2007+A2:2012

Safety of woodworking machines — One side moulding machines with rotating tool — Part 1: Single spindle vertical moulding machines

19.3.2019

C

20.

EN 1710:2005+A1:2008

Equipment and components intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres in underground mines

19.3.2019

C

21.

EN 50569:2013

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Particular requirements for commercial electric spin extractors

12.1.2021

C

22.

EN 50570:2013

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Particular requirements for commercial electric tumble dryers

12.1.2021

C

23.

EN 50571:2013

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Particular requirements for commercial electric washing machines

12.1.2021

C

24.

EN 50636-2-107:2015

Safety of household and similar appliances — Part 2-107: Particular requirements for robotic battery powered electrical lawnmowers (IEC 60335-2-107:2012 Modified)

12.1.2020

C

25.

EN 60335-1:2012

Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60335-1:2010 Modified)

EN 60335-1:2012/A11:2014

3.5.2020

C

26.

EN 60745-2-1:2010

Hand-held motor-operated electric tools — Safety — Part 2-1: Particular requirements for drills and impact drills (IEC 60745-2-1:2003 Modified + A1:2008)

19.3.2019

C

27.

EN 60745-2-17:2010

Hand-held motor-operated electric tools — Safety — Part 2-17: Particular requirements for routers and trimmers (IEC 60745-2-17:2010 Modified)

19.3.2019

C

28.

EN 62841-3-1:2014

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-1: Particular requirements for transportable table saws (IEC 62841-3-1:2014, modified)

19.10.2019

C

29.

EN 61029-2-4:2011

Safety of transportable motor-operated electric tools — Part 2-4: Particular requirements for bench grinders (IEC 61029-2-4:1993 Modified + A1:2001 Modified)

19.3.2019

C

30.

EN 62841-3-6:2014

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-6: Particular requirements for transportable diamond drills with liquid system (IEC 62841-3-6:2014, modified)

19.10.2019

C

31.

EN 62841-3-9:2015

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-9: Particular requirements for transportable mitre saws (IEC 62841-3-9:2014 Modified)

15.11.2019

C

32.

EN 62841-3-10:2015

Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery — Safety — Part 3-10: Particular requirements for transportable cut-off machines (IEC 62841-3-10:2015 Modified)

19.10.2019

C

33.

EN 13241:2003+A2:2016

Industrial, commercial, garage doors and gates — Product standard, performance characteristics

19.3.2019

C

34.

EN 786:1996+A2:2009

Garden equipment — Electrically powered walk- behind and hand-held lawn trimmers and lawn edge trimmers — Mechanical safety

19.3.2019

C

35.

EN 1870-14:2007+A2:2012

Safety of woodworking machines — Circular sawing machines — Part 14: Vertical panel sawing machines

19.3.2019

C

36.

EN 61496-1:2013

Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General requirements and tests

19.3.2019

C

37.

EN ISO 11200:2014

Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Guidelines for the use of basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions

19.3.2019

B

 

 

機械於電氣系統方面的要求

機器在電氣系統方面應符合EN60204-1的規定來做電器安全設計; 此標準提供了關於機器電機設備的要求與建議,以提高人員財產的安全及控制反應的持續性和容易維修。

A L所有電氣元件都必須符合EN或IEC的相關標準
例如:馬達須符合IEC34-1,極限開關須符合EN60947-4-1,變壓器
須符 合EN60742……等。
B 三相電源標示L1,L2,L3,必須加接地線且標示PE,其它相關電氣元件須接地 ,且統一接地在一獨立之銅板上。
C 電源電路、控制電路、變壓器……等必須有過電流保護 (Overcurrent protection ),一般而言就是加保險絲(Fuse)保護或
無熔絲開關(NFB)。
D 額定功率超過0.5KW之馬達元件,須有過負載保護(Overload
protection
E 一般之控制電路須有變壓器,除非有下列條件之電控系統才不須 有變壓器:只 有單一馬達功率小於3KW,最多只有2 個外部控制 元件。
F 人機操作介面(控制面板),不可低於 0.6公尺,且須有IP54等級的防塵防水保 護,ON開關用1表示,OFF開關用0表 示。
G 控制箱必須至少打開至95°,且有IP54 等級保護,但馬達本體只須 IP23等級即可。
H 配線實務,須一端子一導線,A.C,D.C 電源電路線用黑色,A.C控制線用紅色 ,D.C控制線用藍色
I 馬達須符合IEC34-1,且於接線盒上貼閃電標示,並須有鉻牌註明相關規格。
J 須有完整之技術文件,包括安裝圖、電路圖、操作說明書、維護手冊、電氣元 件表。
K 須有相關測試報告,例如:接地連續性測試、絕緣測試、耐電壓 測試、電磁子 擾測試……等。

電氣安全(EN 60204-1)要求重點

為因應歐體之規定以取得CE標誌,須依指令的規定做好機械本體安全和技術檔。而機器在電氣系統方面應符合EN60204的規定來做電器安全設計; 此標準提供了關於機器電機設備的要求與建議,以提高人員財產的安全及控制反應的持續性和容易維修。在本標準(EN60204)的要求下,製造商應隨著電氣設備之難易程度,提供不同的資料,以下列出所須電氣安全資料的基本需求。

(一) 所須提供的資料:

提供給電氣設備的資料須包括:
(a) 簡單明瞭的設備說明,安裝與設置及接至供應電源的說明;
(b) 電源的要求;
(c) 適當的物理環境的資料(例如:說明、振動、噪音程度、大氣污染
程度)
(d) 適當的系統圖(方塊圖);
(e) 電路圖;
(f) 適當的下述資料:

程式
操作步驟
檢查的頻率
功能測試的頻率及方法
調整、維護及修理的指導,尤其是保護性裝置和電路
零件表特別的庫存品

(g) 安全裝置,交互動作功能,及防護危險動作的護罩連鎖裝置,特
別是交互動作建立方法的描述(包含相互連接的圖示)
(h) 當主要安全防護取消時(例如:手動程式輸入,程式驗證等),其他
安全防護的手段及方法的描述。

(二) 對所有電氣檔的要求

所有電氣檔須依據IEC1082-1及下述要求來準備。專案標示系統須依
據IEC750的要求。對於不同檔的參考,供應商必須選用下列方法的
其中之一:

每一檔上必須附有可以和該電氣設備所有其他檔前後對照的檔
號碼; 或
所有檔上必須要在圖面上或檔目錄內,列出檔號碼及名稱。
只有在檔只含有小數量檔(例如: 少於5件),才使用第一個方法。

(三) 基本的資訊

技術檔必須包含至少下列的檔:

電機設備的正常操作條件,包含預期的電源條件,及在必要時, 也提供它們的物理環境資料;
搬運、輸送及儲存; 以及
不適當的使用方法。

這些資料或可以個別的檔或安裝或操作檔的一部分來呈現。
在必要時,這些檔應包含關於負載或啟動峰值電流及允許的壓降。這些資料應包括在系統或電路圖中。

(四) 安裝圖

安裝圖必須提供所有在機器設定的基礎作業時所須的資料。在複雜的狀況下,或許需參考詳細的組立圖。對於要在工地安裝的供應電源電纜,建議的安裝位置、形式和斷面積必須清處地標示。

對於安裝在電源供應電纜線源頭的電流保護裝置,其選擇型式、特性、額定電流及設定時所需之資料必須陳述。

要由使用者提供在地基上的導管,其大小、目的、和位置必須詳述。在機械與相關設備間要由使用者提供的導管,電纜槽或電纜支架的大小,型式和目的必須詳述。

圖上必須表明要移動或服務該電機設備時所需的空間。必要時應提供相互連接的圖示或表格,此圖示或表格所有與外部連接的資料,若該電機設備原先就設計成可以變換使用不同的電源,則這類圖示或表格中必須註明在變換使用不同電源時應如何修改或相互連接。

(五) 系統(方塊圖)

若需要使人易於瞭解操作的原則,就須提供系統圖,這種方塊圖是用符號來表示電機設備與其功能性的內部關係,而不須表示出所有的相互連接。功能圖或可做為方塊圖的一部份或附加於方塊圖上。

(六) 電路圖

假設一系統圖不能充分詳述電機設備的元件,則須提供電路圖。這些圖須標示出機械及其相關電機設備的電路,任何不屬於IEC617的圖形符號必須在圖上或其相關的檔上另行標及說明。在所有檔上及機械上所使用的零件和裝置符號和標示必須一致。

電路圖須依據IEC1082-1來規劃。

必要時應提供端子功能圖來顯示介面的連接端子及控制系統的功能。
此圖或可與電路共用以求簡化。端子功能圖應包含能與每一單元的詳細電路圖互相參考的資料。電路圖上的切換開關的符號應以所有公共設施如電力、空氣、水、潤滑油)在關閉狀態和機器與其電氣設備在正常起動狀況的情形 來表示。

導線必須依照規定加以識別。

電路須在維護及偵錯時以易於瞭解的方式來表示,使人易於瞭解其功能。與控制裝置及零件的功能相關之特性若不能明顯地由符號顯示出來,就要得在圖上接近該符號之處加以說明或是用附注的方式呈現。

機械安全之評估標準

如先前所提,歐盟除了制定各種不同的產品安全指令之外,另頒佈了許多不同的產品安全標準。有些適用於某特定產品,有些則為適用多項產品之通用評估法則。

因此,當評估機械指令安全時,亦須同時考慮適用的產品安全標準。
就機械指令而言,可分成下列幾種型式標準:

◎A型標準(基本安全標準)
給予基本概念、設計原則及適用於所有 機器的一般情況。例如:
•EN 292-1:機械安全標準基本觀念及一般設計原則-第一部分:基
本術語、方法。
•EN 292-2:機械安全標準基本觀念及一般設計原則-第二部分:技
術原則及說明。
•EN 1050:機械安全-危險評估原則。

◎ B型標準(群體安全標準)
處理一種安全情況或一種相關安全設施,該設施能廣泛使用於多
種機械:
B1型標準:針對特定安全情況(例如:安全距離、表面溫度、
噪音)例如:

• EN 294:機械的安全-防止上肢伸及危險區域之安全距離
• EN 811:機械的安全-防止下肢伸及危險區域之安全距離
•B2型標準:針對相關安全設施(例如:雙手控制、互鎖裝置、壓
力感應裝置、護罩)
•EN 1088:機械安全-有/無護罩鎖緊的互鎖裝置-設計的一般原理
及規定。
•EN 953:機械安全-護罩(固定的/可動的)的設計及構造之一般規範

◎ C型標準(機器安全標準)
給予特定機器或機器詳細的安全必要條件,例如:

•EN 201:塑膠/橡膠射出成型機之安全要求
•EN 692:機械式沖床之安全要求
•EN 693:油壓式沖床之安全要求
•EN 860:單面刨木機之安全要求
•EN 869:金屬鑄造機之安全要求
•EN 982:油壓系統之安全要求
•EN 983:氣壓系統之安全要求
•EN 1493:汽車舉升臺之安全要求
•EN 12415:小型車床之安全要求
•EN 12417:綜合加工機之安全要求
•EN 12478:大型車床之安全要求
•EN 12717:鑽床之安全要求

何謂EC合格聲明書?

不論機器是不是屬於附件四之機器,有無經過Notified body 的檢驗,您都需要草擬EC合格聲明,以自行宣告您的機器已合乎指令之必要安全衛生規範(EHSR) (Article 8.1)。

EC合格聲明書的內容,在指令中有詳細的說明,內容大約包含:

•機器名稱
•生產序號
•製造時間
•地點
•所參考的規範與標準
•所符合的指令編號
•廠商或您在歐體之代理商之簽署(Annex 2)

很重要的一點是,此份合格聲明書必須以與原始操作說明書相同的語文撰寫。而且必須併隨以機器被使用國的(其中一種)官方語文撰寫之譯本(Annex 1, 1.7.4(b))。